Types Of Cataracts And Why They Matter

Types Of Cataracts And Why They Matter

When you or a loved one has a cataract, your doctor may not give much information about the problem or explain the issue in a way that makes sense. Here is what you need to know:

Cataract Basics

Cataracts are a natural part of the aging process. It is not uncommon for seniors to experience changes in vision as the crystalline lens in their eye becomes more opaque. Cataracts can also be caused by trauma, certain medications, and systemic diseases. Eventually, a cataract surgery may be warranted. However, until the cataract matures, surgery is often not recommended simply because the patient still has pretty good vision.

Cataract Types

There are several different types of cataracts including traumatic, capsular, cortical, and nuclear. The two most common age-related cataracts are cortical and nuclear. In the case of both cataracts, the patient will have good visual acuity until the advanced stages. This is because cataracts do not affect the visual axis of the patient. Posterior capsular cataracts can also occur with age or in relation to medications or diseases. Visual acuity is immediately affected by posterior subcapsular cataracts.  Finally, traumatic cataracts occur after significant trauma to the eye. These types of cataracts may develop months or even years following the trauma and will often affect vision as they develop.

Cataract Symptoms

Symptoms vary depending on the type of cataract. While posterior subcapsular cataracts immediately decrease visual acuity, other cataracts may cause halos, night blindness, and other disturbances.

As a caregiver, it is important to monitor the visual health of your loved ones and to do your best to follow the doctor’s instructions. Cataract development is influenced by a variety of different factors and a cataract that is too developed can cause additional problems within the eye- including glaucoma.

Brooke Sutton, President, RN

Brooke Sutton, owner of Sutton Home Care and a Springfield native, is a fully licensed Registered Nurse with over ten years experience in the healthcare field.

Brooke provides trusted home care services to numerous patients in the Springfield market which has earned her agency the reputation of being the premier home care agency in this area.
Brooke Sutton’s journey to the home care sector began while she was working as a Registered Nurse at Lakeland Behavioral Health.While at Lakeland, she learned and developed her skill working with psychiatric patients as well as patients with Alzheimer’s and dementia. After Lakeland, Brooke worked as a Community Health Nurse for the Arc of the Ozarks providing home health care services to dual diagnosis patients living at home.Brooke has also worked in the Emergency Room setting which has given her the ability to recognize and communicate problems and potential issues before they arise.

Brooke and her husband Sean live in Springfield and have three children (Brett who is twelve, Karaline who is eight, and Henry who is four).Brooke is active in church and enjoys spending her free time at Table Rock Lake or with family and friends.

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